In our recent decking questions and answers blog post we lightly touched on the problem of green and slippery decking which can clearly be a health hazard as well as unsightly. So today we’re going to delve deeper into this problem and come up with the best solutions to for slippery deck prevention and cleaning. We also detail how much it will cost you to carry out any of these tasks.
We’ve discussed this issue with decking with deck finish experts as well as homeowners who have put these solutions to work, and here are the top suggestions for stopping and treating slippery decks.
Algae is the top cause of a slippery deck, and the key is to prevent it from growing. Debris such as leaves, twigs and dirt holds moisture against the deck, creating the right environment for algae to get a foothold. Use a stiff broom, and remove debris before it gets wet, when possible. Hosing off the deck on a sunny day when it will dry quickly is a good part of regular maintenance too.
Spring and fall are common times to find unwanted growth on your decking. Let’s start with a cheap fix for small patches of algae, mold or mildew, a solution of:
If your deck is very small or very large, adjust the amount of solution you mix, using the same proportions. Mix the solution in a bucket, and apply it with a mop or a pump sprayer. Allow it to sit for 15 to 30 minutes before scrubbing the area with your stiff broom. Finally, thoroughly rinse the area with a hose. You’ll want to seal the deck after cleaning in order to protect the wood from further damage. Premixed oxygen bleach cleaning powders for mixing are also available.
NOTE: Avoid chlorine bleach. It might bleach clothing, stain wood siding and harm plants and animals.
This solution to a slippery deck should be chosen with caution. Using a power washer on the deck can cause damage to its surface which can lead to it deteriorating or rotting more quickly. However, it is an effective “last resort” solution when the deck has large areas affected by algae, mold or mildew. Set the pressure to no more than 1,300 PSI to prevent or limit the damage. Follow guidelines in the owner’s manual for best results. A pressure-washed deck should be allowed to thoroughly dry and then sealed with a high-quality product. For this reason, it makes sense to wait to power wash it until several days of sunny, dry weather are in the forecast.
• Pressure Washer: $75 to $300 and up
• Pressure Washer Rental: $35 to $50 per day
• Deck sealer or stain & sealer: $22 to $40 per gallon
• Roller with handle, pad and tray: $12 to 40
There are products formulated for decks that seal the wood and help to prevent slipping. Most are formulated with sand or aggregate suspended in the sealer to give the surface some grit. These coatings are applied like deck stain, though are sometimes somewhat thicker and more difficult to work with.
• Anti-Slip Coating: $75 to $125 per gallon
• Roller with handle, pad and tray: $12 to $40
A cheaper method of making your deck surface gritty and therefore less slippery is to sprinkle sand onto the wet sealer where it will remain embedded once the sealer dries. Load coarse sand into a handheld broadcast spreader. Next, apply deck stain or sealer to an area two to three feet deep—only as deep as you can comfortably reach with the spreader—and 12 to 20 feet wide. While the material is still tacky, cover it with a light to moderate application of sand.
The sand that falls onto areas not yet wet can be pushed onto the wet area with a broom or brushed off the deck. This method provides six to 24 months of good wear, depending on how much you use the deck. Sand that has been loosened with foot traffic should be brushed off the deck periodically to prevent it from scratching the deck’s sealer and surface, thereby rendering the decking susceptible to moisture.
There are several different products you can apply to your deck to help prevent slipping. Durable, anti-skid strips can be attached in strategic locations to provide secure footing. They’re excellent for stairs, and are typically attached with fasteners such as screws. One issue to note is that they are somewhat raised, so might present a trip danger while protecting from slips. While hard to find, slip-resistant inserts can be very useful on decks that have space between the decking boards. The inserts fit into the gaps and can be secured in place. Most are coated with a durable, coarse surface that offers excellent traction.
Traction tape is a cheaper solution, though the materials isn’t as durable as strips or inserts. The tape is widely used on stairs, landings and other locations where slips are likely. Most anti-slip tape has a peel-off backing, so it is easy to cut to size and install.
Anti-slip mats are very useful on decks wherever slips are likely including next to hot tubs, outsider doors and on landings. Most are made of rubber or a similar synthetic material with a diamond or other texture surface. These mats should be picked up when the deck is not in use, because while preventing slips, they will hold moisture against the deck that will eventually lead to mold growth and rot.